What to Expect with the Process of In Vitro Fertilization

By Michael Corbitt posted 12-12-2020 22:09


Infertility is an apprehension shared by many women planning motherhood after the age of 34. It could be women who have put off having children to establish careers. For women like this and others, Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is like a lifeline. It can be explained in a few steps. 

Various screenings are required

The woman and her partner undergo certain testing such as semen analysis, uterine exam, ovarian reserve testing as well as others. Couples have to understand the legal and emotional issues, the financial stresses and side effects connected to this procedure.

There are huge variations in the success rates of in vitro fertilization clinics and patients, of course, want to compare success rates. This is where IVF Authority becomes so invaluable. Their reproductive health practitioners and medical researchers compare clinics.

They provide reports and tools on IVF success rates, publishing the rankings so that with IVFAuthority.com, people can find the very best IVF clinics, which will enhance their chances of becoming parents. 


Most women produce one egg during the menstrual cycle, whereas IVF requires multiple eggs, increasing the chances of a viable embryo. Fertility drugs will be required and these will increase the number of eggs the body produces.

Blood tests and ultrasounds will be done to monitor the production of eggs. Ovarian stimulation’s aim is to harvest as many mature eggs as possible.

The stimulation phase involves the injection of medications to induce the ovaries to produce lots of eggs. The ovarian stimulation process requires good timing lest the process has to be restarted. 

Retrieval of eggs

The egg retrieval part is done about 35 hours after the final injection and prior to ovulation. During this time of egg retrieval, you’re given pain meds and also sedated.

The usual method for this is known as transvaginal ultrasound aspiration. The way it works is that an ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina to identify follicles. To actually retrieve the eggs, a thin needle is inserted into an ultrasound guide to go through the vagina.

For some women, an abdominal ultrasound can also be used if the transvaginal ultrasound doesn’t work. In the space of about 20 minutes, many eggs can be retrieved from the follicles. 


Unlike artificial insemination, IVF combines eggs and sperm in a laboratory. Once the embryos form, they are then placed in the uterus.

How many embryos are transferred depends on the age and number of eggs retrieved. The rate of implantation is lower with older women so that more embryos are usually transferred.

Following the retrieval of the eggs, they are inseminated and the fertilized eggs are then kept in the clinic till they reach a certain stage. 

Embryo culture

Depending on the clinic you use, an embryo culture system is a combination of certain things such as nutrients and environmental conditions that embryos require for proper growth.

A stable environment is required in the laboratory as even small variations can have a negative effect on embryo growth. An important factor with the embryos is the growth media that is used to culture the embryos. After all, the embryos will require the most beneficial nutrients for optimal growth.

The embryo culture system should be such that it is the same environment found in the female reproductive tract so that they can have the same advantages.

Embryo transfer

The timeline for an embryo transfer isn’t set in stone because every person’s cycle is unique. This is the final stage in the IVF process. 

It is where the fertilized egg that has been left to grow for several days in the laboratory is now placed in the woman’s uterus, where the idea is for it to implant and become a fetus. 

The embryo is loaded into a catheter, which is then deposited in the uterus. It doesn’t require anesthesia. There are different kinds of embryo transfers but the basic principle remains the same.